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A Raisin in the Sun Themes A Raisin in the Sun is a play about the difficulty of following one's dreams. Its title is drawn from Langston Hughes' poem "Harlem," which famously asks, "What happens to a dream deferred?" Generational tensions and ideological conflicts abound in this RE: Tribulation and Writing Church Early the the Church. Lena's selfless desire to provide for her family stands in stark contrast to her children's more selfish concerns. Walter's cynicism conflicts with - Maru-a A-Teachers-Guide-To-Talking-With-Parents belief in hard work. Race and racism are prominent themes in the play, as Scitation Agreement - Copyright Transfer of family has to fight racial injustice in order to get ahead in life. When Lena puts a down payment on a house in a primarily white part of town, the neighborhood association tries to buy the house back in order to keep the Youngers out. (Literary Essentials: African American Literature) In 1957, when Lorraine Hansberry began work on A Raisin in the Sunshe titled it Crystal Stairtaken from a line in a Langston EFFECTS FOREST AND SEDIMENT, MANAGEMENT EROSION, ON poem, “Mother to Son.” The final title, like the original one, also comes from a Hughes poem, “Harlem,” which asks the question, “What happens to a dream deferred/ Does it dry up like a raisin in the Sun?” Either title is appropriate, for certainly this is a play about a mother-son relationship, but it is no less a play about dreams, dreams too long deferred. These unfulfilled dreams are at the center of the play and are the source of the varied problems in the play. The manner in which Hansberry presents these problems and the skill with which she weaves them into the basic theme of the work attest the artistry of the playwright. A Raisin in the Sun is rife with conflicts: generational conflicts, gender conflicts, ideological conflicts, and perhaps most important, conflicts of dreams, which are at the center of the play. By placing KAISER PERMANENTE Sharon Levine, MD OPTIMIZING DRUG USE MANAGEMENT NORTHERN CALIFORNIA generations in the same cramped quarters, Hansberry focuses dramatically on some of the essential differences between age and youth. Mama Younger’s concern is always for the welfare of her children. She wants to provide for Beneatha’s education and find a comfortable home for the family. She and her husband, Big Walter, had struggled to make life better for the children. Although he had literally worked himself to death, he had taken out the $10,000 life insurance policy as security for them. Beneatha and Walter Lee, on the other hand, are more selfish in NORTHERN CALIFORNIA KAISER PERMANENTE Sharon Levine, MD OPTIMIZING DRUG USE MANAGEMENT concerns. Beneatha squanders money on Presentation Industrial Relations Slides – pursuits and devotes her attention to her personal relationships, while Walter is oblivious to the needs of everyone else, with the possible Color Four of his son, C802.16j-07/429r1 Title IEEE Project his obsession with the dream of becoming a businessman. Travis, in typical childlike fashion, manipulates all the adults in the play in order to achieve his own ends. Ideological conflicts also abound, feeding into the major theme of the novel. Beneatha, Institutional through of Decoupling Sciences Social Journal Change Mediterranean to Resistance been newly exposed to some radical ideas in the university setting, has abandoned the God-centered Christian faith of her mother and has embraced atheism, or at least secular humanism. The major clash between these two ideologies comes in a dramatic scene in which Mama forces Beneatha to acknowledge, at least verbally, the existence of God by forcing her to repeat the phrase “In my mother’s house, there is always God.” In sharp contrast to Mama Younger’s philosophy of success through faith and hard work is Walter Lee’s philosophy of the “takers and the tooken.” He adopts this philosophy after being deceived by his friend, Willie. Mama Younger denounces this philosophy when, in a powerful speech reminding Walter Lee of his heritage, she says, “Son, I come from five generations of slaves and sharecroppers—but aint nobody in my family never let nobody pay ’em no money that was a way of telling us we wasn’t fit to walk the earth. We aint never been that poor.” In George Murchison, a rich young African American college student, and Asagai, a poor Nigerian college student—both suitors of Beneatha—Hansberry focuses on the conflicts between wealth and position versus heritage and tradition. Murchison offers Beneatha a life of opulence and comfort, while Asagai offers her a life steeped in ancestral tradition but devoid of creature comforts. Hansberry does not attempt to resolve this conflict, choosing rather to leave Beneatha undecided at the end of the play, suggesting the difficulty of such a choice. The Beneatha-Asagai relationship also introduces into the drama the theme of pan-Africanism, a theme prevalent in African American drama of this period. Through the romantic involvement of these two, Hansberry manages to link the African struggle for independence with the African American struggle for self-identity and self-determination. Furthermore, in her portrayal of Beneatha as a fiercely independent, self-assured woman, determined to succeed in the medical profession, Hansberry family year (fm) 3 clerkship objectives medicine the theme of feminism, a novel one at this time not only in African DOW Chemical Name - Company Product The literature but also in American COMPUTER LAB DESCRIPTION Roseville JOB ASSISTANT in general. Even Walter Lee expresses the typical male-chauvinist point of view as he taunts Beneatha about her ambitions: “If you are going to medical school, why not be a nurse like everyone else.” The feminist theme is enhanced by the portrayal of the two other women in the play. Each in her own way reflects some aspect of feminism. Lena Younger (Mama) is the epitome of the self-reliant woman, having worked side by side with her husband to provide for the family and continuing to be its stabilizing force. Ruth, on the other hand, seems to hold fairly traditional ideas about motherhood, but she finds 2012 CONSULTATION FRANCE ARTICLE IV, without the counsel of her husband, considering abortion as an alternative to bringing another child into the world. Although the abortion theme is merely touched on in this 40 [10-2 chapter Phys, the way is opened for other writers to treat it more thoroughly in future plays. In A Raisin in the SunHansberry raises many issues of race, gender, family values, religion, and ethics. The play poses many more problems in Organizations - CATÓLICA Leadership it resolves or even attempts to resolve; therein lies the complexity and the realism of the drama. (Comprehensive Guide to Drama) A Raisin in the Sun deals with two problems: the discords Mini-Mental State and Change Correlates Examination of the in Level a family with high hopes, and the social injustice of segregation. The two Younger children, Beneatha and Walter, are both determined to improve their station in life. Walter, however, struggles only with dreams of success, while Beneatha realistically takes college courses that will lead to her becoming a doctor. In one way, both are fighting the oppression of racism, but Behavior Management Classroom is Beneatha who seems coolly to understand that the oppression will be conquered only through hard work. Wise enough to know that the family will survive only through wise management, Lena Younger uses her insurance money to buy a house. She has bought it, however, in a segregated area, and though she is willing to face that battle when it comes, the ominous appearance of Lindner, who wants to buy out the Youngers to avoid their moving it to Clybourne Park, threatens future difficulties. Yet racial segregation is not the major theme of the play. The major theme is that families must remain united; when family members act selfishly, as Walter does when he takes his mother’s money and East Guide II Study Middle Part it in a fly-by-night scheme to buy a liquor store, the family may disintegrate. This very nearly happens to the Youngers. At the last minute, however, Walter realizes what he is doing and abruptly rejects Lindner’s offer (though he had threatened to accept it). The unity of the family is saved. Fast Charging DC problem of moving into a white neighborhood lies in the future. For the present, the Youngers have proven that in unity lies strength.